Burundi is one of Africa’s poorest countries, deeply affected by past civil unrest and turmoil. Coffee was introduced in the 1930’s by the Belgians and today is the country’s largest export.
Coffee exports earn 90% of Burundi’s export revenue and employs 90% of the available labour force. Government and international support of the industry is based the country’s ability to increase coffee production to 50,000 tonnes. The majority of farms average around 0.5 to .8 ha with demographic pressure putting farms under pressure for higher productivity. A World Bank report estimated that with better productivity, Burundi is capable of increasing its coffee output to 50,000 tonnes. The majority of coffee grown is Arabica along with small amounts of Robusta.