Arabica: highland areas on the slopes of Mount Elgon in the East and Mt. Rwenzori / Mt. Muhabura in the South Western Region
Arabica: October - January. Robusta: All year - Peak November - February
It’s extremely difficult to track down when coffee was grown in Uganda but it can be assumed when the British formed the protectorate of Uganda in 1824, they were the ones to introduce coffee growing. Uganda’s coffee industry was mirrored by the country’s political upheavals from the 70’s to 90’s. During this period, farmers had to deal collapsing coffee prices, drought and various insurgency’s. As the countries politics stabilised, so did the coffee industry and in 1991 a government decree allowed the liberalisation of the industry. Today, for every Arabica plant there are 4 Robusta’s, Uganda is Africa largest producer of Robusta. The vast majority of Ugandan coffee is grown on smallholder farms; ‘shambas’ with over 3.5 million Ugandans involved in the coffee industry. Coffee accounts for 20 – 30% of the country’s foreign exchange earnings.
Uganda continues to fight two coffee diseases, Coffee Wilt Disease [CWD] and Coffee berry Disease.[CBD] Hybrid developments have produced the Tuzzi, a Catimor that has proved CBD resistant at lower growing altitudes. The Coffee Development Board has also implemented an ongoing farmer education program aimed at practices that can minimise both CWD and CBD.
Through our sister company in Uganda, we have access to a range of great Ugandan coffees from the highly popular Mt Elgon, Drugar African Moon and Bugisu Washed Arabica’s to the gutsy and intense Queen of the Nile Robusta.
- Area236, 860 square kilometres
- LanguageSwahili, English
- CurrencyUgandan Shilling
ProductionApproximately 181,000 tonnes
- Coffee Producing
RegionsArabica: highland areas on the slopes of Mount Elgon in the East and Mt. Rwenzori / Mt. Muhabura in the South Western Region
- Coffee VarietalsArabica: Typica, Kent, Tuzzi [Catimor]. Robusta: Locally cloned plants from government owned nurseries. Uganda has its own indigenous Robusta from the Kibale Forest
- TerrainMountainous with high, central plateau
- AltitudeArabica : 1500 – 2300 MASL. Robusta: Up to 1200 MASL
- SoilRich, volcanic
- ProcessingWashed and Natural; both types
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